Independent Studies on Environmental
Exposures and Childrens' Health


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Turf Pesticides

1. Adverse Health Effects of Children's Exposure to Pesticides: What Do We Really Know and What Can Be Done About It? J. Jurewicz, et al, Acta Paediatrica 95:S453 p. 71 - 80 (2006).

2. Pesticides and Childhood Cancer: An Update of Zahm and Ward's 1998 Review. C. Infante-Rivard, S. Wichenthal, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 10:1 & 2 p.81-99 (2006).

3. Cancer Health Effects of Pesticides: A Systematic Review. M. Sanborn, et al, Canadian Family Physician 53:10 p.1704-1711 (2007).

4. Residential Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Organochlorine Pesticides and Risk of Childhood Leukemia. M. Ward, et al, Environmental Health Perspectives 117:6 p.1007-1013 (2009).

5. Childhood Brain Tumors, Residential Insecticide Exposure, and Pesticide Metabolism Genes. S. Neilsen, et al, Environmental Health Perspectives 118:1 p.144-149 (2010).

6. Pesticides Literature Review. M. Sanborn, et al, The Ontario College of Family Physicians, (2004).

7. Pesticide Exposure as Risk Factor for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Including Histopathological Subgroup Analysis. Eriksson, Hardell, Carlberg and Akerman. International Journal of Cancer: 123, 1657-1663 (2008).

8. Childhood Brain Tumors, Residential Insecticide Exposure, and Pesticide Metabolism Genes. Neilsen, McKean-Cowdin, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(1):144-149 (2010).

9. Residential Pesticides and Childhood Leukemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Turner, Wigle and Krewski. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(1):33-41 (2010).

10. Pesticide Toxicity and the Developing Brain. Eskenazi, Rojas, Marks, et al. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 102, 228-236 (2008).

11. Neurobehavioral and Neurodevelopmental Effects of Pesticide Exposures. London, L. et al. NeuroToxicology 33 887-896 (2012).

12. Brain Anomalies in Children Exposed Prenatally to a Common Organophosphate Pesticide. Rauh, Perea, et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, (March 2012).

13. Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphates, Paraoxonase 1, and Cognitive Development in Childhood. Engel, Wetmur, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 119(8):1182-1188 (2011).

14. Fetal Exposure to Propoxur and Abnormal Child Neurodevelopment at 2 Years of Age. Ostrea, Jr., Reyes, et al. NeuroToxicology 33 669-675 (2012).

15. Neurodevelopmental and Neurobehavioral Effects of Organophosphate Pesticides Exposure in Newborns and Children. Florian, Cristina, et al. Environmental Security Assessment and Management of Obsolete Pesticides in Southeast Europe. Springer Netherlands, 2013. 139-145.

16. Review of Current Evidence on the Impact of Pesticides, Polycholorinated Biphenyls and Selected Metals on Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children. Polanska, Jurewicz, and Hanke. International Journal of Occupation Medicine and Environmental Health 26(1):16-38 (2013).

17. Parental Occupational Exposure to Pesticides as Risk Factor for Brain Tumors in Children and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Van Maele-Fabry, Hoet, and Lison. Environment International 56:19-31 (2013).

18. Pesticides and Children. Garry, Vincent F. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 198:153-163 (2004).

19. Toxic Effects of Pesticide Mixtures at a Molecular Level: Their Relevance to Human Health. Hernandez, Parron, et al. Toxicology: Article In Press (June 21 2012).

20. Neurodevelopment and Endocrine Disruption. Theo Colborn. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(9):944-949 (2004).

21. Endocrine Disrupting Pesticides: Implication for Risk Assessment. McKinlay, Plant, Bell and Voulvoulis. Environmental International 34:168-183 (2007).

22. Respiratory Symptoms in Children and Exposure to Pesticides. Salameh, Baldi, et al. European Respiratory Journal 22:507-512 (2003).

23. Pesticides and Asthma. Hernandez, Parron and Alarcon. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 11(2):90-96 (2011).

Diesel Exhaust

1. Exposure to Allergen and Diesel Exhaust Particles Potentiates Secondary Allergen-specific Memory Responses, Promoting Asthma Susceptibility. Brandt, et al., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 11:043, p. 94-99 (2015).

2. The Effect of Air Pollution on Lung Development from 10 to 18 Years of Age. W. Gauderman, et al, New England Journal of Medicine 351:11, p.1057 (2004).

3. Diesel Exhaust and Asthma: Hypotheses and Molecular Mechanisms of Action. RJ Pandya, et al, Environmental Health Perspectives 110 Supp 1: p.103-112 (2002).

4. Short-term Diesel Exhaust Inhalation in a Controlled Human Crossover Study is Associated with Changes in DNA Methylation of Circulating Mononuclear Cells in Asthmatics. C. Carlsten, et al, Particle and Fiber Toxicology 11:71 (2014).

5. Diesel Exhaust Inhalation Causes Vascular Dysfunction and Impaired Endogenous Fibrinolysis. N. Mills et al, for the American Heart Association; Circulation 112:25, p.930-936 (2005).

6. Air Pollution–Associated Changes in Lung Function among Asthmatic Children in Detroit. T. Lewis, et al, Environmental Health Perspectives 113:8, p.1068–1075 (2005).

7. Characterizing the Range of Children’s Pollutant Exposure During School Bus Commutes. D. Fitz, et al, for the California Air Resources Board, Contract No. 00-322 (2003).

8. Perinatal and Early Childhood Environmental Factors Influencing Allergic Asthma Immunopathogenesis. Gaffin, Kanchaonkittiphon and Phipatanakul. International Immunopharmacology: Sep;22(1):21-30. (2014).

Cleaning Products

1. Cleaning Products and Air Fresheners: Emissions and Resulting Concentrations of Glycol Ethers and Terpenoids. B.C. Singer, et al, Indoor Air Volume 16:3 p.179-191 (2006).

2. Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Health Symptoms in Schools: An Analysis of Existing Information. J. M. Daisey, et al, Indoor Air 13:1 p.53-64 (2003).

3. Cleaning Products and Air Fresheners: Exposure to Primary and Secondary Air pollutants. W. Nazaroff, et al, Atmospheric Environment (38) p.2841-2865 (2004).

4. Update on Asthma and Cleaners. J. Zock, et al, Current Opinion in Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2) p.114-20 (2010).

5. Halogenated Volatile Organic Compounds from the Use of Chlorine-Bleach-Containing Household Products. M. Odabasi, et al, Environmental Science & Technology 1:42 p.1445-51 (2008).

6. Children's Vulnerability to Toxic Chemicals: A Challenge and Opportunity to Strengthen Health and Environmental Policy. Landrigan, Philip, Environmental Health Perspectives 30:5, p.842-50 (2011).

7. The Use of Household Cleaning Products During Pregnancy and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections and Wheezing During Early Life. Casas, Zack, et al. International Journal of Public Health 58, Issue 5, pp 757-764 (2013).

8. Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products. Dodson, et al. Environmental Health Perspectives 120:935–943 (2012).

9. Children Exposure to Atmospheric Particles in Indoor of Lisbon Primary Schools. Almeidaa, Canhaa, et al. Atmospheric Environment 45: Issue 40 pp 7594-7599 (2011).

10. Comparison of Indoor Air Quality Management Strategies Between the School and District Levels in New York State. Lin, Kielb, et al. Journal of School Health. 82: 3, pp 139-146 (2012).

11. Indoor and Outdoor Monitoring of Volatile Organic Compounds in School Buildings: Indicators Based on Health Risk Assessment to Single out Critical Issues. Gennaro, Farella, et al. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, 6273-6291 (2013).

12. Residential Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds and Lung Function: Results From a Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey. Cakmak, Dales, et al. Environmental Pollution 194:145-51 (2014).


1. Children’s Exposure to Diesel Exhaust on School Buses. J Wargo, D. Brown, Environment & Human Health, Inc. (2002).

2. Risks From Lawn-Care Pesticides: Including Inadequate Packaging and Labeling. Environment and Human Health. 2003.

3. President’s Cancer Panel Annual Report. Reducing Environmental Risk: What We can Do Now. L.D. Leffall and M.L. Kripke. U.S. Department of Health, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. (2010).

4. Pesticide Exposure in Children: Policy Statement. Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. (2012).

5. Pesticide Exposure in Children: Technical Report. Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. (2012).

6. America’s Children and the Environment, Third Edition. United States Environmental Protection Agency. January 2013.

The documents contained in this digest are the property of the copyright owners and are reprinted for educational purposes only.

Compilation prepared by Grassroots Environmental Education, Inc., 52 Main Street, Port Washington, New York 11050

The ChildSafe School is a program of Grassroots Environmental Education, a science-based non-profit organization.
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